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Brain-inspired AI inspires insights about the brain (and vice versa)

ScienceDaily's AI News - Wed, 20/03/2019 - 14:11
Researchers have described the results of experiments that used artificial neural networks to predict with greater accuracy than ever before how different areas in the brain respond to specific words. The work employed a type of recurrent neural network called long short-term memory (LSTM) that includes in its calculations the relationships of each word to what came before to better preserve context.

Robotic 'gray goo'

ScienceDaily's AI News - Wed, 20/03/2019 - 14:10
Researchers have demonstrated for the first time a way to make a robot composed of many loosely coupled components, or 'particles.' Unlike swarm or modular robots, each component is simple, and has no individual address or identity. In their system, which the researchers call a 'particle robot,' each particle can perform only uniform volumetric oscillations (slightly expanding and contracting), but cannot move independently.

Google research shows how AI can make ophthalmologists more effective

ScienceDaily's AI News - Mon, 18/03/2019 - 14:11
As artificial intelligence continues to evolve, diagnosing disease faster and potentially with greater accuracy than physicians, some have suggested that technology may soon replace tasks that physicians currently perform. But a new study shows that physicians and algorithms working together are more effective than either alone.

The robots that dementia caregivers want: Robots for joy, robots for sorrow

ScienceDaily's AI News - Mon, 18/03/2019 - 10:24
A team of scientists spent six months co-designing robots with informal caregivers for people with dementia, such as family members. They found that caregivers wanted the robots to fulfill two major roles: support positive moments shared by caregivers and their loved ones; and lessen caregivers' emotional stress by taking on difficult tasks, such as answering repeated questions and restricting unhealthy food.

Water-resistant electronic skin with self-healing abilities created

ScienceDaily's AI News - Mon, 18/03/2019 - 10:24
Inspired by jellyfish, researchers have created an electronic skin that is transparent, stretchable, touch-sensitive, and repairs itself in both wet and dry conditions. The novel material has wide-ranging uses, from water-resistant touch screens to soft robots aimed at mimicking biological tissues.

Seeing through a robot's eyes helps those with profound motor impairments

ScienceDaily's AI News - Fri, 15/03/2019 - 15:54
An interface system that uses augmented reality technology could help individuals with profound motor impairments operate a humanoid robot to feed themselves and perform routine personal care tasks such as scratching an itch and applying skin lotion. The web-based interface displays a 'robot's eye view' of surroundings to help users interact with the world through the machine.

Can artificial intelligence solve the mysteries of quantum physics?

ScienceDaily's AI News - Tue, 12/03/2019 - 12:37
A new study has demonstrated mathematically that algorithms based on deep neural networks can be applied to better understand the world of quantum physics, as well.

How intelligent is artificial intelligence?

ScienceDaily's AI News - Tue, 12/03/2019 - 10:36
Scientists are putting AI systems to a test. Researchers have developed a method to provided a glimpse into the diverse 'intelligence' spectrum observed in current AI systems, specifically analyzing these AI systems with a novel technology that allows automatized analysis and quantification.

Faster robots demoralize co-workers

ScienceDaily's AI News - Mon, 11/03/2019 - 17:32
New research finds that when robots are beating humans in contests for cash prizes, people consider themselves less competent and expend slightly less effort -- and they tend to dislike the robots.

A robotic leg, born without prior knowledge, learns to walk

ScienceDaily's AI News - Mon, 11/03/2019 - 12:51
Researchers believe they have become the first to create an AI-controlled robotic limb driven by animal-like tendons that can even be tripped up and then recover within the time of the next footfall, a task for which the robot was never explicitly programmed to do.

How to train your robot (to feed you dinner)

ScienceDaily's AI News - Mon, 11/03/2019 - 10:12
Researchers have developed a robotic system that can feed people who need someone to help them eat.

Ultra-low power chips help make small robots more capable

ScienceDaily's AI News - Thu, 07/03/2019 - 09:15
An ultra-low power hybrid chip inspired by the brain could help give palm-sized robots the ability to collaborate and learn from their experiences. Combined with new generations of low-power motors and sensors, the new application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) -- which operates on milliwatts of power -- could help intelligent swarm robots operate for hours instead of minutes.

Robots can detect breast cancer as well as radiologists

ScienceDaily's AI News - Tue, 05/03/2019 - 11:28
A new article suggests that artificial intelligence systems may be able to perform as accurately as radiologists in the evaluation of digital mammography in breast cancer screening.

Neurodegenerative diseases identified using artificial intelligence

ScienceDaily's AI News - Mon, 04/03/2019 - 13:42
Researchers have developed an artificial intelligence platform to detect a range of neurodegenerative disease in human brain tissue samples, including Alzheimer's disease and chronic traumatic encephalopathy.

Mini cheetah is the first four-legged robot to do a backflip

ScienceDaily's AI News - Mon, 04/03/2019 - 13:42
New mini cheetah robot is springy and light on its feet, with a range of motion that rivals a champion gymnast. The four-legged powerpack can bend and swing its legs wide, enabling it to walk either right-side up or upside down. The robot can also trot over uneven terrain about twice as fast as an average person's walking speed.

Spiking tool improves artificially intelligent devices

ScienceDaily's AI News - Wed, 27/02/2019 - 15:58
The aptly named software package Whetstone enables neural computer networks to process information up to 100 times more efficiently than current standards, making possible an increased use of artificial intelligence in mobile phones, self-driving cars, and image interpretation.

Robots track moving objects with unprecedented precision

ScienceDaily's AI News - Tue, 19/02/2019 - 13:26
A novel system uses RFID tags to help robots home in on moving objects with unprecedented speed and accuracy. The system could enable greater collaboration and precision by robots working on packaging and assembly, and by swarms of drones carrying out search-and-rescue missions.

Artificial intelligence to boost Earth system science

ScienceDaily's AI News - Thu, 14/02/2019 - 11:55
A new study shows that artificial intelligence can substantially improve our understanding of the climate and the Earth system.

The first walking robot that moves without GPS

ScienceDaily's AI News - Wed, 13/02/2019 - 14:27
Desert ants are extraordinary solitary navigators. Researchers were inspired by these ants as they designed AntBot, the first walking robot that can explore its environment randomly and go home automatically, without GPS or mapping. This work opens up new strategies for navigation in autonomous vehicles and robotics.

Getting a grip on human-robot cooperation

ScienceDaily's AI News - Wed, 13/02/2019 - 14:26
There is a time when a successful cooperation between humans and robots has decisive importance: it is in the precise moment that one "actor" is required to hand an object to another "actor" and, therefore, to coordinate their actions accordingly. But how can we make this interaction more natural for robots?

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