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Computers should be named on patents as inventors, for creativity to flourish

ScienceDaily's AI News - Mon, 17/10/2016 - 08:39
New research is calling for inventions by computers to be legally granted patents. The research states that the rapid increase in computer power is posing new challenges when it comes to patenting an invention. Artificial intelligence is playing an ever larger role in innovation -- with major players such as IBM, Pfizer and Google investing heavily in creative computing -- but current patent law does not recognize computers as inventors.

Soft robots that mimic human muscles

ScienceDaily's AI News - Wed, 12/10/2016 - 13:31
Robots are usually expected to be rigid, fast and efficient. But researchers have turned that notion on its head with their soft robots.

Brain-inspired device to power artificial systems

ScienceDaily's AI News - Fri, 07/10/2016 - 08:47
New research has demonstrated that a nanoscale device, called a memristor, could be used to power artificial systems that can mimic the human brain. Artificial neural networks (ANNs) exhibit learning abilities and can perform tasks which are difficult for conventional computing systems, such as pattern recognition, on-line learning and classification. Practical ANN implementations are currently hampered by the lack of efficient hardware synapses; a key component that every ANN requires in large numbers.

Computer experts identify fourteen themes of creativity

ScienceDaily's AI News - Thu, 06/10/2016 - 10:34
The elusive and complex components of creativity have been identified by computer experts.

3-D-printed robots with shock-absorbing skins

ScienceDaily's AI News - Wed, 05/10/2016 - 13:07
Anyone who's watched drone videos or an episode of "BattleBots" knows that robots can break -- and often it's because they don't have the proper padding to protect themselves.

Your next nurse could be a robot

ScienceDaily's AI News - Wed, 05/10/2016 - 11:50
The nursing assistant for your next trip to the hospital might be a robot.

Automated screening for childhood communication disorders

ScienceDaily's AI News - Fri, 23/09/2016 - 09:53
For children with speech and language disorders, early-childhood intervention can make a great difference in their later academic and social success. But many such children -- one study estimates 60 percent -- go undiagnosed until kindergarten or even later.

Robot doesn't have to behave and look like a human

ScienceDaily's AI News - Thu, 22/09/2016 - 08:53
The R2-D2 robot from Star Wars doesn’t communicate in human language but is, nevertheless, capable of showing its intentions. For human-robot interaction, the robot does not have to be a true ‘humanoid,’ provided that its signals are designed in the right way, say researchers.

Video gamers outdo scientists in contest to discover protein's shape

ScienceDaily's AI News - Wed, 21/09/2016 - 16:27
Gamers playing the popular online puzzle game Foldit beat scientists, college students and computer algorithms in a contest to see who could identify a particular protein's shape.

The microdoctors in our bodies

ScienceDaily's AI News - Wed, 21/09/2016 - 14:30
Researchers are developing tiny, sophisticated technological and biological machines enabling non-invasive, selective therapies. Their creations include genetically modified cells that can be activated via brain waves, and swarms of microrobots that facilitate highly precise application of drugs.

Meet AISOY1 the Robot, autism therapy assistant

ScienceDaily's AI News - Fri, 16/09/2016 - 09:31
Researchers are collaborating to expand the potential of their robot assistant for the treatment of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Specifically, the goal is to explore the ways in which the AISOY robot can enhance therapy sessions at the UMH University Clinic.

Language delivers fourfold speedups on big-data problems

ScienceDaily's AI News - Tue, 13/09/2016 - 13:41
Experts are presenting a new programming language, called Milk, that lets application developers manage memory more efficiently in programs that deal with scattered data points in large data sets.

Lightweight robots in manual assembly

ScienceDaily's AI News - Tue, 13/09/2016 - 10:05
In recent years, human-robot cooperation – also known as human-robot collaboration, or HRC – has taken center stage at trade fairs. The term applies to any situation where robots work directly alongside humans without safety barriers on the manufacturing floor. In such cases, the work zones of robots and workers overlap instead of being strictly separated. The low entry prices and big media interest in the technology created a wave of hype. But is the cost really all that low, and are the new robots really safe? Or is it a case of companies having unrealistic expectations?

Robotic surrogates help chronically ill kids maintain social, academic ties at school

ScienceDaily's AI News - Wed, 07/09/2016 - 16:06
Chronically ill, homebound children who use robotic surrogates to “attend” school feel more socially connected with their peers and more involved academically, according to a first-of-its-kind study.

Team of robots learns to work together, without colliding

ScienceDaily's AI News - Wed, 07/09/2016 - 12:53
When you have too many robots together, they get so focused on not colliding with each other that they eventually just stop moving. Georgia Tech's new algorithms are different: they allow any number of robots to move within inches of each other, without colliding, to complete their task -- swapping locations on his lab floor. The roboticists are the first researchers to create such minimally invasive safety algorithms.

Introducing diversity in online language analysis

ScienceDaily's AI News - Wed, 07/09/2016 - 12:49
For the past 30 years, computer science researchers have been teaching their machines to read standard English -- for example, by assigning back issues of the Wall Street Journal -- so computers can learn the English they need to run search engines like Google. But using only standard English has left out whole segments of society who use dialects and non-standard varieties of English, and the omission is increasingly problematic, say researchers.

Beam me up to the video conference

ScienceDaily's AI News - Wed, 07/09/2016 - 08:21
When science fiction heroes communicate, they don‘t use landlines or cell phones. The caller simply appears in virtual form in the middle of the room; full sized and three dimensional. This vision is already within reach, say researchers.

Artificial intelligence could improve diagnostic power of lung function tests

ScienceDaily's AI News - Sun, 04/09/2016 - 18:12
Artificial intelligence could improve the interpretation of lung function tests for the diagnosis of long-term lung diseases, according to the findings of a new study.

How AI might affect urban life in 2030

ScienceDaily's AI News - Thu, 01/09/2016 - 09:28
A diverse panel of academic and industrial thinkers has looked ahead to 2030 to forecast how advances in artificial intelligence might affect life in a typical North American city, and to spur discussion about how to ensure that AI applications are deployed in ways that are safe, fair and beneficial. Their takeaway: 'It is not too soon for social debate on how the fruits of an AI-dominated economy should be shared.'

Gaming for gut research

ScienceDaily's AI News - Wed, 31/08/2016 - 16:29
You may not think of yourself in this way, but in some ways your body is just a host for hundreds of trillions of microbes (including bacteria) that colonize us in fairly unique combinations in our guts, inside our various orifices and on the surface of our skin. These tiny creatures are essential to our survival: we couldn't digest anything without them, for instance. Scientists are increasingly making links between the range of colonies of microorganisms that live on and within us, our lifestyle habits, and our health.